Tmh Bharatiya Kala Evam Sanskriti - For Civil Services And Other State Examinations (3rd Edition, Hindi) (Hindi) By Nitin Singhania

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PublisherTATA MCGRAW HILL AuthorNitin Singhania ISBN9788194244622 LanguageHindi BindingPaperback Publication DateNovember 8, 2019
Description

About the Book


This book offers comprehensive and latest information covering the broad field of knowledge on Indian art, paintings, music and architecture for the aspirants of Civil Services Preliminary and Main Examinations. Apart from two new chapters and one appendix, the chapters have been enriched with details to make it more focused and comprehensive. There are questions at the end of each chapter which will help students prepare for the examinations.


Salient Features


• All new four colour edition
• Comprehensive 4 sections: Visual arts, Performing arts, Culture of India and Appendices
• New chapters on
1. Buddhism and Jainism
2. India through the eyes of foreign travelers
• New appendix on Current affairs related to Indian Art and Culture
• Videos related to the chapters available through QR codes
• Key word in every chapter highlighted in colour
• Updated Previous Year Questions and Answers of UPSC Preliminary and Main Examination

 

Table of Content


Additions to Third Edition vii
Additions to Second Edition ix
Preface to Third Edition xi
Acknowledgements xiii
Trend Analysis xiv
2019 Preliminary Examination Questions 1-4
Section-A — Visual Arts
Chapter 1 Indian Architecture, Sculpture and Pottery 1.1–1.92
Introduction 1.2
Harappan Art and Architecture 1.3
Muaryan Art and Architecture 1.9
Post Muaryan Art 1.14
Various Mudras Related to Buddha 1.18
Gupta Age Architecture 1.21
Important ancient Inscriptions and Edicts 1.24
Temple Architecture 1.27
Famous Universities of Ancient India 1.45
Major Buddhist Pilgrimage Sites in India 1.54
Major Jain Pilgrimage Sites in India 1.54
Architecture in Medieval India 1.56
Indo-Islamic Architecture 1.56
Modern Architecture 1.73
Chapter 2 Indian Paintings 2.1–2.36
Introduction 2.2
Principles of Painting 2.2
Pre-historic Paintings 2.3
Mural Paintings in India 2.5
Miniature Paintings in India 2.10
Rajasthani School of Painting 2.16
Pahari School of Painting 2.19
Ragamala Paintings 2.21
Modern Indian Painting 2.23
Folk Paintings 2.26
Chapter 3 Indian Handicrafts 3.1–3.25
Introduction 3.2
Glassware 3.2
Cloth Handicrafts 3.3
Tie and Dye 3.3
Embroidery Crafts 3.6
Ivory Carving 3.11
Silver Crafts 3.11
Clay and Pottery Work 3.11
Other Metal Crafts 3.13
Leather Products 3.15
Various Types of Toys 3.18
Stoneware 3.19
Floor Designs 3.20
Chapter 4 UNESCO’S List of World Heritage Sites in India 4.1–4.8
Criteria for Selection 4.2
Criteria for Cultural Sites 4.2
Criteria for Natural Sites 4.2
Legal Status of Designated Sites 4.4
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India 4.3
Cultural Sites 4.3
Natural Sites 4.6
Benefits of the World Heritage Site Status 4.6
Section-B — Performing Arts
Chapter 5 Indian Music 5.1–5.34
Introduction 5.2
History of Indian Music 5.2
Anatomy of Indian Music 5.4
Swara 5.4
Raga 5.4
Tala/Taal 5.7
Thaat 5.7
Other Components of Raga 5.8
Classification of Indian Music 5.9
Hindustani Classical Music 5.9
Semi-Classical Styles of Hindustani Music 5.14
Carnatic Music 5.16
Folk Music 5.18
Fusion of Classical and Folk 5.23
Musical Instruments 5.25
Modern Developments in Music 5.28
Communities Related to Music 5.30
Chapter 6 Indian Dance Forms 6.1–6.28
Aspects of Dance 6.2
Indian Classical Dance Forms 6.3
Bharatnatyam 6.4
Kuchipudi 6.5
Kathakali 6.7
Mohiniattam 6.8
Odissi 6.9
Manipuri 6.11
Kathak 6.12
Sattriya 6.13
Folk Dances of India 6.15
Chhau 6.15
Garba 6.15
Dandiya Raas 6.15
Tarangamel 6.16
Ghoomar or Gangore 6.16
Kalbelia 6.16
Charba 6.16
Bhangra/Giddha 6.16
Dadra 6.16
                                              Jawara 6.17
Matki 6.17
Gaur Muria (Bison Horn) 6.17
Alkap 6.17
Biraha 6.17
Paika 6.17
Bagurumba 6.18
Jat-Jatin 6.18
Jhumair 6.18
Danda-Jatra 6.18
Bihu 6.18
Thang Ta 6.18
Rangma 6.19
Singhi Chham 6.19
Kummi 6.19
Mayilattam 6.19
Butta Bommalu 6.19
Kaikottikali 6.19
Padayani 6.20
Kolkali-Parichakali 6.20
Pata Kunitha 6.20
Chakyar Koothu 6.20
Jhoomar 6.20
Karma Naach 6.21
Raut Naach 6.21
Dumhal 6.21
Fugdi 6.21
Cheraw 6.21
Dalkhai 6.21
Hulivesha 6.21
Tippani 6.22
Garadi 6.22
Tera Tali 6.22
Hojagiri 6.22
Chapter 7 Indian Theatre 7.1–7.14
Introduction 7.2
Classical Sanskrit Theatre 7.2
Folk Theatre 7.4
Ritual Theatre 7.5
Theatres of Entertainment of North, West and Eastern Part of India 7.6
Theatres of South India 7.9
Modern Indian Theatre 7.11
Chapter 8 Indian Puppetry 8.1–8.7
Introduction 8.2
String Puppets 8.3
Shadow Puppets 8.4
Glove Puppets 8.5
Rod Puppets 8.6
Chapter 9 Indian Circus 9.1–9.5
The Great Indian Circus 9.2
Keeleri Kunhikannan 9.2
Major Circus Companies in India 9.2
Circus: A Marginal Industry 9.4
Possible Remedies 9.4
Chapter 10 Martial Arts in India 10.1–10.8
Kalaripayattu 10.2
Silambam 10.2
Thang-ta and Sarit Sarak 10.3
Cheibi Gad-ga 10.3
Pari-khanda 10.4
Thoda 10.4
Gatka 10.4
Mardani Khel 10.5
Lathi 10.5
Inbuan Wrestling 10.5
Kuttu Varisai (Empty-Hand Silambam) 10.5
Musti Yuddha 10.6
Chapter 11 UNESCO’S List of Intangible Cultural Heritage 11.1–11.8
Introduction 11.2
Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 11.2
Koodiyattam, included in 2008 11.2
Ramlila, included in 2008 11.3
                                         The Tradition in Vedic Chanting, included in 2008 11.3
Ramman, included in 2009 11.3
Mudiyettu, included in 2010 11.3
Kalbelia, included in 2010 11.4
Chhau, included in 2010 11.4
Buddhist Chanting of Ladakh, included in 2012 11.4
Sankirtana, included in 2013 11.5
Traditional Brass and Copper Craft of Utensil Making Among the Thathera Community of Jandiala Guru in Punjab, included in 2014 11.5
Nowrouz, included in 2016 11.5
Yoga, included in 2016 11.6
Kumbh Mela, included in 2017 11.6
Section-C — Culture of India
Chapter 12 Languages in India 12.1–12.18
Introduction 12.2
Classification of Indian Languages 12.2
Indo-Aryan Group of Languages 12.2
Dravidian Group 12.5
Sino-Tibetan Group 12.6
Austric 12.7
Others 12.7
Official Languages of India 12.8
Status of Classical Language 12.9
Criteria 12.9
Benefits 12.10
Ancient Scripts of India 12.11
Indus Script 12.11
Brahmi Script 12.12
Gupta Script 12.12
Kharosthi Script 12.13
Vatteluttu Script 12.13
Kadamba Script 12.13
Grantha Script 12.13
Sarada Script 12.14
                                              Gurmukhi Script 12.14
Devanagari Script 12.14
Modi Script 12.14
Urdu Script 12.15
Chapter 13 Religion in India 13.1–13.17
Introduction 13.2
Hinduism 13.2
Four Sects under Hinduism 13.2
Shramana Schools 13.5
Islam 13.6
Christianity 13.8
Sikhism 13.9
Zoroastrianism 13.10
Judaism 13.12
Other Prominent Religions in India 13.13
Chapter 14 Buddhism and Jainism 14.1–14.21
Buddhism 14.2
Basics about Buddha 14.2
Early Buddhist Schools 14.3
Concepts and Philosophy under Buddhism 14.3
Four Buddhist Councils 14.4
Hinayana Buddhism 14.6
Mahayana Buddhism 14.6
Boddhisatva in Buddhism 14.7
Theravada Buddhism 14.9
Vajrayana Buddhism 14.10
Places visited by Buddha 14.10
16 Arhats of Buddha 14.11
Other Prominent Personalities Associated with Buddhism 14.11
Navayana Buddhism 14.12
Jainism 14.12
Basics about Vardhamana Mahavira 14.13
Jain Teachings and Philosophy 14.13
Two Major Schools or Sects under Jainism 14.15
Sub-sects under Digambara and Svetambara Schools 14.16
Popular Practices under Jainism 14.17
Jain Flag 14.17
Chapter 15 Indian Literature 15.1–15.30
Introduction 15.2
Hindu Literature in Ancient India 15.3
Literature in Pali and Prakrit 15.12
Jain Literature 15.13
Sikh Literature 15.16
Dravidian Literature 15.17
Medieval Literature 15.21
Modern Literature 15.23
Hindi Literature 15.23
Bengali, Odia and Assamese Literature 15.24
Gujarati, Rajasthani and Sindhi Literature 15.25
Kashmiri Literature 15.26
Punjabi Literature 15.26
Marathi Literature 15.26
Chapter 16 Schools of Philosophy 16.1–16.10
Introduction 16.2
I. Orthodox School 16.2
II. Heterodox School 16.2
Orthodox School 16.3
Samkhya School 16.3
Yoga School 16.4
Nyaya School 16.4
Vaisheshika School 16.5
Mimamsa School 16.5
Vedanta School 16.6
Heterodox School 16.7
Charvaka School or Lokayata Philosophy 16.7
Chapter 17 Indian Cinema 17.1–17.13
Introduction 17.2
History of Indian Cinema 17.3
South Indian Cinema 17.8
Recent Film Controversies 17.9
Indian Cinematograph Act of 1952 17.9
Chapter 18 Science and Technology through the Ages 18.1–18.12
Introduction 18.2
Mathematics 18.2
Medicine 18.5
Physics and Chemistry 18.6
Ship Building and Navigation 18.8
Chapter 19 Calendars in India 19.1–19.11
Introduction 19.2
Classification of Indian Calendar Forms 19.6
National Calendar of India 19.9
Chapter 20 Fairs and Festivals of India 20.1–20.25
Introduction 20.2
Religious Festivals 20.2
Hindu Festivals 20.3
Muslim Festivals 20.4
Christian Festivals 20.6
Sikh Festivals 20.7
Jain Festivals 20.8
Buddhist Festivals 20.10
Sindhi Festivals 20.11
Parsi or Zoroastrian Festivals 20.11
Secular Festivals 20.12
Festivals of North-East India 20.14
Fairs of India 20.19
Chapter 21 Awards and Honours 21.1–21.9
Introduction 21.2
Bharat Ratna 21.2
Padma Awards 21.4
National Film Awards 21.5
Sahitya Akademi Award 21.6
Other Literary Honours 21.6
Chapter 22 Law and Culture 22.1–22.6
Introduction 22.2
From Constitution of India 22.2
Indian Treasure and Trove Act, 1878 22.3
Ancient Monument Preservation Act, 1904 22.3
The Antiquities (Export Control) Act, 1947 22.4
The Ancient and Historical Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Declaration of National Importance) Act, 1951 22.4
Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972 22.5
Public Records Act, 1993 22.5
Chapter 23 Cultural Institutions in India 23.1–23.13
Introduction 23.2
The Archaeological Survey of India 23.2
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts 23.3
All India Radio 23.3
Nehru Memorial Museum and Library 23.4
Centre for Cultural Resources and Training 23.5
National Archives of India 23.6
Indian Council for Cultural Relations 23.6
Indian Council of Historical Research 23.8
Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) 23.9
Sahitya Akademi 23.10
Sangeet Natak Akademi 23.11
Lalit Kala Akademi 23.12
Chapter 24 Coins in Ancient and Medieval India 24.1–24.10
Punch Marked Coins 24.2
Indo-Greek Coins 24.3
Coins By Satavahanas 24.3
Coins of the Western Satraps or the Indo-Scythians 24.4
Coins Issued in Gupta Age 24.4
Coins of the Vardhanas 24.5
Coins of Chalukyan Kings 24.6
Coins of the Rajput Dynasties 24.6
Coins of the Pandyan and Chola Dynasty 24.6
Turkish and Delhi Sultanate Coins 24.6
Mughal Coinage 24.7
Chapter 25 Indian Culture Abroad 25.1–25.14
Who Took Indian Culture Abroad? 25.2
                                         Prominent Ancient Ports of India 25.2
Mathematics from India to Abroad 25.4
Indian Science and Technology Abroad 25.5
Influence of Indian Religion Abroad 25.7
Indian Languages Abroad 25.8
Indian Temple Architectural Tradition Abroad 25.9
Role of Indian Universities and Scholars 25.12
Indian Sports and Games Abroad 25.13
Chapter 26 India through the eyes of Foreign Travellers 26.1–26.12
Introduction 26.2
Megasthenes | Indica 26.3
Fa-Hien | Record of Buddhist Kingdoms 26.4
Hiuen Tsang | SI-YU-KI 26.4
Al-Masudi | Muruj-Ul-Zehab 26.5
Al-Biruni | Kitab-Ul-Hind 26.5
Marco Polo | The Book of Sir Marco Polo 26.6
IBN Battuta | Rihla 26.7
Nicolo De Conti 26.8
Abdur Razzaq | Matla-Us-Sadain-Wa-Majma-Ul-Bahrain 26.8
Domingo Paes | Chronica Dos Reis De Bisnaga 26.8
William Hawkins (1608–1611 AD) 26.9
Sir Thomas Roe (1615–1619 AD) 26.9
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (1638–1643 AD) 26.9
Francois Bernier | Travels in the Mughal Empire 26.10
Section-D — Appendices
Appendix-1: Delhi - A City of Seven Sisters A1.1–A1.4
Introduction A1.2
Seven Cities of Delhi A1.2
Appendix-2: Bhakti and Sufi Movement A2.1–A2.15
Bhakti Movement A2.2
The Sufi Movement A2.8
Appendix-3: Famous Personalities of India A3.1–A3.8
Chanakya – The King Maker A3.2
Ashoka The Great – An epitome of Buddhist Architecture A3.2
Samudragupta - The Man of Culture A3.3
Kalidasa - The Master of Romantic Plays A3.3
Shashanka - A Great Patron of Hinduism A3.3
Harshavardhana - A Great Patron of Mahayana Buddhism A3.4
Dharma Pala - A Patron of Buddhist Teachings A3.4
Gorakhnath A3.4
Amir Khusrow - An epitome of Classical Music A3.5
Marco Polo – A famous Italian Traveler to South India A3.5
Rudrama Devi - A Courageous Woman Monarch A3.5
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq A3.6
Narsinh Mehta A3.6
Mahmud Begada (Begarha) A3.6
Eknath A3.7
Akbar the Great A3.7
Ahilyabai Holkar A3.7
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa A3.8
Appendix-4: Recent Geographical Indications A4.1–A4.6
Important Facts about GI Registration A4.2
List of Recently Registered GIs in India A4.3
Prohibition of registration of certain Geographical Indications A4.5
Appendix-5: Indian Art and Culture (Current Affairs) A5.1–A5.13
Air India Allows Hajj Pilgrims to Carry Zamzam Water in Flight A5.2
Indian Council of Historical Research A5.2
Seva Bhoj Scheme A5.2
Gandhi Circuit in Bihar A5.2
Prasad Scheme A5.3
Government Adopts Heritage Sites A5.3
Couple’s Grave in the Harappan Settlement A5.4
Vedanta Desikan (1268-1369) A5.4
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Statue of Unity A5.4
Ramanuja – Statue of Equality A5.5
Swami Vivekananda A5.5
Saint Kabir A5.5
Guru Nanak Dev A5.5
Navroz/Nowrouz A5.6
Makaravilakku Festival A5.7
Attukal Pongala A5.7
Bathukamma Festival A5.8
Behdienkhlam Festival A5.8
Vishwa Shanti Ahimsa Sammelan A5.8
Konyak Dance A5.9
Leh Celebrates Sindhu Darshan Festival A5.10
My Son Temple Complex A5.10
World Capital of Architecture A5.10
India’s National War Memorial A5.11
Chaukhandi Stupa A5.11
Charminar A5.11
Stucco Sculpture A5.12
Sanchi Stupa A5.12
37th UNESCO World Heritage Site of India A5.13
Initiatives of UNESCO A5.13